Planning your next adventure in the North East? Then Northumberland should be part of your intinerary. From its rugged coastline and sweeping beaches to historical landmarks like Hadrian’s Wall, you’ll find loads of things to do in Northumberland.
This captivating corner of England offers a perfect blend of nature, history and adventure. Whether you’re a castle enthusiast, an outdoor lover, or a foodie searching for the county’s best culinary offerings, Northumberland has something for every type of traveler.
Keep reading to unravel the hidden gems and must-visit attractions in this picturesque part of the country.
Hadrian’s Wall, Brampton
First on our list of things to do in Northumberland is Hadrian’s Wall – a remarkable testament to the engineering prowess and expansive reach of the Roman Empire.
Constructed between AD 122 and AD 128, this ancient fortification stretches approximately 73 miles from Wallsend on the River Tyne to Bowness-on-Solway on the Irish Sea.
Designed to protect Roman-occupied Britain from raids, it features a series of forts, milecastles, and turrets. Today, it’s a UNESCO World Heritage site that allows you to traverse millennia on foot.
The best-preserved portions, like Housesteads and Vindolanda (see below), offer fascinating glimpses into Roman military architecture and daily life.
If you’re a history buff, an outdoor enthusiast, or simply someone seeking an escape into Britain’s dramatic landscapes, Hadrian’s Wall provides an unparalleled journey back in time.
Bamburgh Castle, Bamburgh
Bamburgh Castle is an iconic landmark on the Northumberland coastline, a potent symbol of medieval grandeur and defiance.
Sat on an outcrop overlooking the North Sea, this fortress was at one time the royal seat of the Kings of Northumbria.
Its dramatic setting is matched only by its rich history, a tale that unfurls over 1,400 years.
From its role as a defensive fortress against Viking invaders to its function as an elegant Edwardian home, Bamburgh has evolved with the times.
Today, visitors can explore 14 public rooms filled with art, weaponry, and period furnishings.
The Armstrong Aviation Artefacts Museum, situated within the castle, adds another layer to the site’s multifaceted story.
Bamburgh Castle is not just a visit – it’s an expedition through British history that’s a must-visit for those of you seeking things to do in Northumberland.
Alnwick Castle, Alnwick
Situated amid the scenic vistas of Northumberland, Alnwick Castle is a harmonious blend of historical legacy and contemporary fascination.
First constructed in the 11th century, this imposing fortress has served as the familial seat for the Dukes of Northumberland for numerous generations.
The castle’s grand architecture and lavish State Rooms offer an unparalleled window into British aristocracy, featuring a treasure trove of art and historical artefacts.
The Alnwick Garden, complete with its mysterious Poison Garden, adds a touch of botanical wonder to your visit.
Known to many as a filming location for the ‘Harry Potter’ series, Alnwick offers more than historical allure – it’s also a magical playground where one can even learn to fly a broomstick.
Steeped in both history and pop culture, Alnwick Castle is a major Northumberland attraction that provides an enthralling experience for visitors of all ages.
Holy Island of Lindisfarne, Holy Island
Amidst the ever-shifting tides of the North Sea, the Holy Island of Lindisfarne stands as an enduring sanctuary that blends natural wonder, spiritual heritage, and rich history.
Cut off from Northumberland’s mainland by tidal expanses, the island is revealed to visitors only at the ebb of the tide, making the journey across its causeway an almost ceremonious pilgrimage.
Recognized as the “Christian Birthplace of Britain,” Lindisfarne boasts a sacred history that dates back to the 7th century when St. Aidan chose this serene spot to establish the Lindisfarne Priory.
Adding another historical layer is Lindisfarne Castle, which looms high on a rocky promontory, offering not just architectural brilliance but panoramic views of the sea and surrounding landscapes.
The island also boasts vibrant ecosystem and is a haven for birdwatchers, with its tidal flats and wetlands attracting a tapestry of bird species.
Cragside House, Gardens and Estate
Nestled within the lush landscapes of Northumberland, Cragside House, Gardens and Estate is an architectural and horticultural masterpiece that transports visitors to a bygone era of innovation and grandeur.
Once the home of the ingenious Victorian industrialist Sir William Armstrong, Cragside is renowned as the first house in the world to be lit by hydroelectric power.
Visitors can explore its opulent interiors, including the intricately carved wood-panelled Drawing Room and the Turkish-inspired baths.
The grounds offer equal wonder, featuring one of the largest rock gardens in Europe and a variety of walking trails through the estate’s woodlands.
Notable among its outdoor attractions is the Iron Bridge, an architectural marvel, and the labyrinthine Rhododendron Labyrinth.
Covering more than 1,000 acres, this lavish estate showcases human ingenuity harmoniously existing alongside natural splendour, making it a must-visit destination for lovers of history, technology and the great outdoors.
Warkworth Castle, Morpeth
Perched on a hilltop overlooking the charming village of Warkworth, Warkworth Castle stands as a sentinel of Northumberland’s turbulent past.
This iconic ruin, once a powerful fortress, is an evocative remnant of medieval England. Built in the 12th century, it was a stronghold for the Percy family, Earls of Northumberland, for several centuries.
The castle’s highlights include its imposing Keep, a 14th-century structure that offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes and the River Coquet.
Walk the battlements and explore the various chambers to experience what medieval life was like.
The Hermitage, a 14th century chapel hewn into rock, provides a mystical counterpoint to the castle’s formidable structure and can be accessed through a brief yet scenic boat journey.
Coupled with its exceptionally maintained gatehouse and rich historical narrative, Warkworth Castle is an essential destinationif you’re looking or top Northumberland historical sites to visit.
Dunstanburgh Castle, Alnwick
Dunstanburgh Castle, a mesmerizing ruin set on a rugged coastal cliff, invokes both awe and contemplation.
It was constructed in the early 14th century by Earl Thomas of Lancaster as both a symbol of defiance and a fortification.
Stretching along the Northumberland coastline between Craster and Embleton, the castle ruins provide breathtaking views of the North Sea.
The crumbled fortifications, Gothic-style gatehouse, and sheer isolation make it a place where history seems to whisper through the winds.
Dunstanburgh Castle is most noted for its enigmatic Lilburn Tower, which has stood the test of time far better than the rest of the structure.
The castle is also a photographer’s delight, as the surrounding seascape provides a dramatic backdrop.
It’s an ideal place for a peaceful walk, historical exploration, or even bird-watching, with many seabirds calling the nearby cliffs home.
Northumberland National Park
The least populated UK national park, Northumberland National Park is perfect if you’re looking to get away from it all for a while.
Spread across an expansive 1,050 square kilometres, this national park is a collage of landscapes—rugged Cheviot Hills, lush green valleys, and ancient Roman relics, most notably Hadrian’s Wall.
For nature lovers, it offers more than just picturesque views; it’s home to a host of endangered wildlife including the charming red squirrel and the rare curlew.
Stargazers will be thrilled to know that the park is also designated as a Dark Sky Park, offering one of the best celestial shows in Europe.
In between the nature walks and star-gazing, history buffs can delve into the region’s rich past, exploring ancient Roman forts and milecastles that harken back to times long gone.
All in all, Northumberland National Park offers a diverse mix of activities and experiences that cater to explorers of all kinds.
Kielder Water & Forest Park, Hexham
Kielder Water & Forest Park is an oasis of outdoor delights and natural serenity in Northumberlan, spanning an impressive 250 square miles.
Boasting Europe’s largest man-made lake and England’s largest woodland, this park offers an unparalleled array of activities and vistas.
From water sports such as sailing and kayaking to hiking and mountain biking through its extensive forests, there’s no end to the adventure.
Wildlife enthusiasts can marvel at the diverse fauna, including the rare red squirrel and ospreys, which have been successfully reintroduced into the area.
The park is also home to Kielder Observatory, a haven for astronomers and stargazers who revel under its internationally recognized dark skies.
Overall, Kielder Water & Forest Park offers an enriching and varied experience.
Hexham Abbey, Hexham
Hexham Abbey is a spiritual and historical haven situated in the market town of Hexham, Northumberland.
With roots tracing back to AD 674, the Abbey serves not only as a place of worship but also as a compelling gateway to England’s early Christian history.
Featuring a blend of architectural styles from Anglo-Saxon to Gothic, the building itself is an unfolding narrative of artistic evolution and devotion.
One of its most remarkable features is the intricate stone screen, a breathtaking piece of medieval craftsmanship.
The site also includes a captivating interactive exhibition housed in the refurbished medieval monastic building, known as the “Big Story,” where visitors can explore the Abbey’s rich history.
Beyond its walls lies the tranquil and well-maintained Abbey grounds, offering a peaceful retreat in the midst of a bustling town.
It doesn’t matter if you’re spiritually inclined or simply appreciative of history and art – Hexham Abbey is a multifaceted destination that nourishes the soul and intellect.
Alnwick Garden, Alnwick
Alnwick Garden is a horticultural delight that’s propelled gardening into the 21st century.
Stretching over 14 acres, this is not your typical garden—it’s an interactive, multi-sensory experience designed to engage, educate, and inspire.
The brainchild of the Duchess of Northumberland, the garden seamlessly merges traditional landscaping elements with modern, creative designs.
Marvel at the Grand Cascade, a tumbling waterfall that serves as the garden’s focal point, or wander through the Ornamental Garden, a meticulous array of rare plants and artistic layouts.
For the daring, there’s the Poison Garden, an educational collection of plants that can heal or harm, all enclosed behind locked gates.
Adding to the unique allure are seasonal events like outdoor concerts, children’s workshops, and light displays, making Alnwick Garden a year-round destination and one of the most captivating Norhumberland attractions.
Standing as a robust testament to turbulent times, the Berwick-upon-Tweed Ramparts offer a vivid stroll through history.
Located at England’s northernmost town, these well-preserved walls were primarily built in the 16th and 17th centuries to protect against Scottish invasions.
The ramparts are the only example of bastioned town walls in Britain and offer panoramic views of the River Tweed and North Sea.
As you wander the 1.3 miles of walkways, you’ll encounter features like Brass Bastion, King’s Mount, and Windmill Bastion, each a reminder of Berwick’s military significance.
Besides its historical weight, the area also serves as a serene escape, with beautiful sunsets and a chance to spot local wildlife like seabirds.
A visit to the ramparts is like stepping back in time, offering a fascinating glimpse into the strategic defences and life during the Elizabethan era.
Chillingham Castle, Alnwick
Nestled in Northumberland’s scenic landscape, Chillingham Castle is a captivating mixture of historic splendour and spine-tingling allure.
Founded in the 12th century, this castle has evolved from a military stronghold to an aristocratic residence, and now serves as one of Britain’s most haunted tourist attractions.
Its architecture is a walk through history itself, featuring well-preserved turrets, battlements, and even a bone-chilling torture chamber, complete with authentic medieval instruments.
Adding a lighter touch to the castle’s mysterious ambiance are its meticulously landscaped gardens, designed in the 1800s, that offer a peaceful counterpoint to the building’s darker tales.
Ghost tours led by experienced guides let you explore this eerie side of Chillingham, sharing chilling accounts of apparitions and other inexplicable phenomena.
If you’re truly daring, you can even participate in an overnight ghost hunt.
Chillingham Castle provides a memborable experience that’s bound to stay with you long after you’ve left its ancient walls.
Farne Islands, Near Seahouses
The Farne Islands are a hidden gem off the Northumberland coast, providing an unrivaled natural sanctuary for an astonishing variety of wildlife.
Imagine the thrill of seeing puffins as they make their nests, their colourful beaks standing out against the stark cliffs.
It’s not just bird enthusiasts who find solace here; the islands are home to one of Europe’s largest grey seal colonies as well as penguins.
As you take a boat tour around the islands, these playful creatures can often be spotted lounging on the rocky shores or gliding effortlessly through the water.
Beyond the animal attractions, the islands themselves offer picturesque landscapes with their windswept cliffs and unspoiled beaches.
Scuba diving is another popular activity here, with the surrounding waters offering excellent visibility to explore the vibrant marine life.
But it’s not just what lies beneath the surface that captivates; the islands have a storied history including ties to early Christian hermits and even Grace Darling, a Victorian heroine.
Each visit to the Farne Islands unfolds as a unique narrative, weaving together tales of natural beauty, fascinating wildlife, and rich history.
Howick Hall Gardens, Alnwick
Set within the Northumberland countryside, Howick Hall Gardens offer an extraordinary horticultural experience that speaks to the soul.
The 65-acre estate is nothing short of a haven, teeming with an array of plants, trees, and flowers, curated over generations by the Grey family.
As you wander through the Silverwood, the scent of daphnes fills the air, and you’ll find yourself enveloped by a sense of peace.
The borders burst with vivid colours in all seasons, from snowdrops in winter to vibrant azaleas in the spring.
It’s no wonder the gardens have been awarded accolades for their extraordinary beauty.
Tea aficionados are in for a treat as well; the property houses the Earl Grey Tea House, named after the family’s most famous member, the 2nd Earl Grey.
This is where the famed Earl Grey blend was first created. Revel in a traditional British afternoon tea experience, complete with scones and finger sandwiches, as you overlook the splendid gardens.
Heatherslaw Light Railway
Heatherslaw Light Railway offers a charming, nostalgic journey through some of the region’s most picturesque scenery.
As the most northerly steam railway in England, it brings a classic form of travel to life using vintage steam and diesel locomotives.
The railway operates on a 2-mile track, running from Heatherslaw to the delightful village of Etal.
Along the route, passengers can soak in the lush countryside, river views, and even catch glimpses of the historic Etal Castle.
It’s an ideal family-friendly excursion, complete with well-maintained picnic areas, opportunities for riverside walks, and even seasonal events like Santa Specials and Halloween trains.
The Railway’s Visitor Centre serves as an engaging starting point, offering railway memorabilia, a gift shop, and a cafe that serves quintessentially British treats.
Wallington Hall, Cambo
Wallington Hall offers a splendid journey into Britain’s architectural and natural heritage.
A 17th-century manor house now curated by the National Trust, Wallington is a masterclass in English elegance.
It boasts an array of artistic treasures, from centuries-old paintings to ornate furniture that echo the grandeur of bygone eras.
Beyond the doors of this majestic mansion, the estate unfolds into a botanical wonderland, featuring a walled garden awash with vibrant flora and an Edwardian conservatory brimming with exotic plants.
Completing the experience are meandering woodlands, lakes and trails perfect for nature walks.
Seasonal events, guided tours, and workshops add layers of interest, catering to history enthusiasts, botany lovers, and families eager for an authentic British day out.
Woodhorn Museum, Ashington
Situated in the historic mining town of Ashington, Woodhorn Museum serves as an exceptional tribute to Northumberland’s industrial and social history.
Housed in a former coal mine, this dynamic museum sheds light on the hardy spirit of miners, their families, and communities that helped shape the region.
Guests are invited to explore the well-preserved colliery buildings, including the original winding house and engine room, where the industrial machinery evokes memories of a bygone era.
Interactive exhibits delve into the challenges and triumphs of miners, painting a vivid picture of Northumberland’s complex heritage.
Additionally, the museum boasts the famous Pitmen Painters collection, an arresting visual chronicle created by the miners themselves.
Seasonal events, workshops, and educational programmes enrich your experience, making Woodhorn a multifaceted cultural destination for visitors of all ages.
Seahouses Harbour, Seahouses
Seahouses Harbour is an enchanting maritime haven set against the backdrop of Northumberland’s rugged coastline.
Acting as the primary gateway to the Farne Islands, the harbour is a bustling focal point of activity, teeming with fishing boats, pleasure cruisers, and eager tourists.
The atmosphere is electric, with the chatter of seafarers and the cries of seagulls merging into a symphony of coastal life.
Local vessels bring in fresh catches daily, infusing the air with the unmistakable aroma of the sea.
Cafés and restaurants perched along the water’s edge offer the chance to indulge in fresh seafood while absorbing the panoramic views of the ocean.
A plethora of charming shops offer a variety of nautical gifts and artifacts, adding an element of retail therapy to your visit.
Regardless of whether you’re setting sail for a close encounter with the bird colonies and seals of the Farne Islands, or simply soaking in the ambient maritime culture, Seahouses Harbour encapsulates the soul of Northumberland’s coastal community.
Ford and Etal Estates, Berwick-upon-Tweed
Ford and Etal Estates offer a timeless slice of rural England in the heart of Northumberland, seamlessly blending history, nature, and art.
Comprising two idyllic villages, Ford and Etal, the estates are a microcosm of English country life.
From the historical Etal Castle and the Lady Waterford Hall, which showcases exquisite watercolour murals, to the Heatherslaw Corn Mill, the area is a haven for both history enthusiasts and nature lovers.
The Heatherslaw Light Railway, a narrow-gauge heritage railway, offers a charming ride through the stunning landscapes.
Furthermore, there are numerous walking and cycling trails that meander through scenic fields, woodlands, and along the riverbanks.
Ford and Etal Estates encapsulate a bucolic serenity that’s increasingly rare, making it a must-visit for anyone seeking to experience the English countryside at its best.
Chesters Roman Fort and Museum, Hexham
Chesters Roman Fort and Museum is a treasure trove of ancient history, located on Hadrian’s Wall in Northumberland.
Serving as a key military outpost nearly 2,000 years ago, the fort is an awe-inspiring site where Roman heritage comes alive.
Explore well-preserved ruins including barracks, baths, and a remarkable Roman bridge that once spanned the River North Tyne.
The museum, adjacent to the fort, houses one of the most significant collections of Roman artefacts in Britain, from intricately designed jewellery to tools and weapons.
With its blend of historical structures and curated artefacts, Chesters provides an unparalleled window into Roman Britain, inviting visitors to walk through layers of time.
Educational signage and interactive displays bring the past into vivid focus, making the site ideal for families, educators, and anyone intrigued by history.
Housesteads Roman Fort, Near Hexham
Housesteads Roman Fort in Northumberland serves as a living history lesson, representing one of the most well-preserved military bases along Hadrian’s Wall.
Constructed in the second century, this historical wonder transports visitors back to the Roman era in Britain.
Wander through well-defined structures like sleeping quarters, granaries, and even a Roman hospital, all set against the stunning backdrop of the Northumbrian hills.
You can marvel at a range of artefacts in the accompanying museum, from Roman coins to pottery shards.
The site also allows you to wander portions of Hadrian’s Wall, offering both historical and natural beauty in one stunning package.
Situated near the southern edge of Northumberland, Vindolanda is a Roman auxiliary fort that provides a captivating peek into the life and times of the Roman Empire in Britain.
This archaeological treasure trove is renowned for the Vindolanda Tablets—ancient wooden documents that offer firsthand accounts of Roman military life.
The site features a wealth of well-preserved structures, including Roman barracks, bathhouses and temples.
The museum on-site holds a fascinating collection of artefacts like pottery, leather shoes and Roman coins.
What sets Vindolanda apart is its living history: you may witness live excavations, making each visit a unique experience.
Combined with the stunning landscapes that surround it, Vindolanda is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in British history.
The Sycamore Gap, Hexham
Nestled within the iconic Hadrian’s Wall, the Sycamore Gap is another one of those instantly recognisable Northumberland attractions, offering a surreal blend of history and natural beauty, creating an almost poetic scenery that is both grounding and inspiring.
It’s not just a tree – it’s a natural monument, a solitary sycamore standing between steep slopes that have been shaped by both man and nature over the millennia.
This singular tree, often dubbed the “Robin Hood Tree” due to its feature in the 1991 film ‘Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves,’ has become an emblematic image of Northumberland’s wild and untamed landscape.
The juxtaposition of the Roman-built wall, intended as a boundary against the unknown, and the resilient sycamore, a testament to nature’s persistence, evokes a profound sense of timelessness.
Northumberland is England’s most northerly county, serving as a stunning gateway to Scotland.
Bordered by Scotland to the north, County Durham to the south, Cumbria to the west and the brooding North Sea in the East, this region of North East England boasts scenic landscapes, charming towns and villages, as well as major historical attractions.
Spanning 5000-square kilometers, the coastline, designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, is an undulating stretch of golden sands and craggy cliffs.
Seaside towns like Seahouses and Craster make for idyllic stops, whether you’re keen on trying local seafood or taking a boat to the Farne Islands to witness a colony of puffins.
Move inland, and you’ll be greeted by the lush, rolling countryside of the Northumberland Uplands, scattered with hardy shrubs and heather-clad moors.
The Cheviot Hills, marking the border with Scotland, provide excellent opportunities for hiking and offer expansive views that stretch for miles.
Hadrian’s Wall, the Roman-built stone barricade that crosses the county, is an unmissable historical feature.
This ancient structure connects various points of interest like Housesteads Roman Fort, Chesters Roman Fort, and the iconic Sycamore Gap, each offering its own slice of history and culture.
As for urban locales, Northumberland is primarily composed of market towns and quaint villages.
Alnwick, notable for its grand castle that you may recognize from the Harry Potter series, is the administrative heart of the county.
Hexham, another key town, is renowned for its stunning Hexham Abbey and bustling market square.
Don’t miss Berwick-upon-Tweed on the northern frontier, a town famed for its changing allegiances between England and Scotland throughout history.
It’s encircled by Elizabethan walls that still stand tall today, testament to its turbulent past.
Smaller communities like Rothbury, famous for the Cragside Estate with its pioneering electrical innovations, or Ford and Etal, a paired estate of villages offering picturesque scenery, contribute to Northumberland’s pastoral charm.
Northumberland is a treasure trove of natural beauty and historical richness.
Whether it’s the lure of Roman ruins, the romantic appeal of ancient castles, or the natural wondour places like Kielder Water & Forest Park, the county is a compelling destination that promises a varied, authentic experience to anyone who chooses to explore it.
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